One can use pesticides like pyrethroid, cyharothrin, imidacloprid, carbaryl, fipronil, permethrin, spinosyn, diazinon, dichlorvos, DDT and chlorinate to kill bed bugs. However, bed bugs have developed a resistance against many of the pesticides. Pyrethroid insecticide is largely in use and is the better pesticide option for controlling bed bug population.
2. Inorganic Materials
Semiautomatics earth is an inorganic compound which when used with other materials can manage bed bug population under control or even eradicate it. When the material comes into contact with the outer skeleton of a bed bug, it disrupts it causing the bed bug to dehydrate. This is a safer indoor treatment.
3. Physical Isolation
Humans isolate themselves from bed bugs bites by using mattress covers that are bed bug proof, bed leg moat devices, among other barriers. These ways would only work if the bed is bed bug free.
4. Organic Materials
These are materials that decompose Essential Oils. There has been a claim that application of oil can kill bed bugs by suffocation. This theory still remains unproven. Bean leaves. Bean leaves are spread on infected areas. The bean leaf has microscopic hair strands that pierce the joints of the bed bug legs. This immobilizes them and can be collected in the morning. Scientists are looking on a way to replicate this using other materials.
5. Contaminated Belongings
One can dispose the infected items like the bed, mattress, bed sheets and blankets. However, this idea meets a challenge if one does not treat the surrounding area for possible hideouts. This is also an expensive undertaking. There might be a spread if the disposed items are not well disposed. Proper labeling of disposed items should be mandatory.
This method only brings bed bugs population down but does not eradicate them completely.
7. Cold Treatment
Bed bugs are temperature sensitive. They are adapted to indoors climate and no air flow. One can introduce air flow by introduction of fans that helps air to circulate. This reduces bed bug population to almost nil in 10 days.
8. Heat Treatment
Bed bugs are not adapted to extreme temperature. Thus, introduction of heat would kill them. One can also use steam, hot boxes, clothes dryer and building heat treatment.